Aggressive polymorphic malware doubles in July


Cyber criminals were increasingly aggressive with their targeted attacks in July, upping their use of polymorphic malware.

Of all email-borne malware samples intercepted by Symantec in July, 23.7 per cent were what the security giant described as "aggressively unstable or rapidly changing forms of generic polymorphic malware."

This was more than double the same figure six months ago - an "alarming proliferation in such a short time," according to Symantec.

This kind of malware has been typically found inside an executable within an attached ZIP file disguised as a PDF file.

Polymorphic malware is particularly good at bypassing traditional anti-virus software.

"The most recent samples were specifically designed to evade detection by software emulators that often form part of the anti-virus engine installed on a target PC. Software emulation is designed to analyse the code and follow the flow of instructions, but only up to a point," the Symantec report read.

"One design element of this new breed of malware includes a series of unnecessary jump' instructions in the start-up code, which are introduced in between the real instructions specifically to confound the anti-virus engine detection."

Many have pointed to the risks of relying too heavily on anti-virus to protect an organisation.

Martin Lee, senior software engineer at Symantec, called on anti-virus providers to develop their products in line with cyber criminal innovation.

"There are powerful Darwinian forces acting on the development of malware by criminals," Lee told IT Pro.

"Those whose malware is easily detectable fail to infect computers, and fail to thrive in the cyber crime environment. On the other hand, those who look to innovate and improve' their malware, tend to infect more computers and acquire the resources to reinvest in further development and innovation."

As for whether the rise of aggressive, polymorphic malware will be sustained, Lee was unsure.

"Malware innovation and development never runs backwards. If the malware writers have mastered how to deploy polymorphic techniques and this provides clear benefits to the distribution of malware, then we will certainly see more of this technique used in the malware in circulation," he added.

"On the other hand, if it less successful than the malware writers hoped, and it proves difficult to use in practice, then we may not see the technique sustained. It's early days, we need to wait and see."

Tom Brewster

Tom Brewster is currently an associate editor at Forbes and an award-winning journalist who covers cyber security, surveillance, and privacy. Starting his career at ITPro as a staff writer and working up to a senior staff writer role, Tom has been covering the tech industry for more than ten years and is considered one of the leading journalists in his specialism.

He is a proud alum of the University of Sheffield where he secured an undergraduate degree in English Literature before undertaking a certification from General Assembly in web development.