The research, which looked at the efforts of over 56 million developers worldwide creating over 60 million repositories over the last 12 months, found that once flaws had been identified, the package maintainer and security community typically generate and release a fix in 4.4 weeks.
The report’s authors said that this highlighted the opportunities to improve vulnerability detection in the security community.
“Many of the services and technology we all rely on, from banking to healthcare, also rely on open source software. The artifacts of open source code serve as critical infrastructure for much of the global economy, making the security of open source software mission-critical to the world,” the report said.
GitHub also found that most software vulnerabilities are mistakes, not malicious attacks. An analysis of a random sample of 521 advisories from across six ecosystems found that 17% of the advisories stemmed from explicitly malicious behavior, such as backdoor attempts. The remaining 83% of vulnerabilities were due to mistakes.
“These malicious vulnerabilities were generally in seldom-used packages but triggered just 0.2% of alerts. While malicious attacks are more likely to get attention in security circles, most vulnerabilities are caused by mistakes,” said the report.
A buyer’s guide to managed detection and response (MDR) services
Simplifying and strengthening your security programme through outsourcing
The report urged developers to use automation to remediate vulnerabilities and stay secure.
“Using automated alerting and patching tools to secure software quickly means attack surfaces are evolving, making it harder for attackers to exploit," the report's authors said.
"Repositories that automatically generate pull requests to update vulnerable dependencies patch their software 1.4 times faster than those who don’t. Automating security practices helps your team secure your code as developers share their expertise with their community, remove security and engineering silos, and scale their expertise."
Phil Odence, general manager of Black Duck On-Demand at Synopsys, told ITPro that the main takeaway here is a significant amount of open source in virtually every modern application used today, so companies must track and manage the code to keep those apps secure.
“The report focuses on security and so doesn’t delve into legal risks associated with licensing; however, despite being 'free,' open source software is no different from other software in that its use is governed by a license.
"Based on research conducted for the 2020 OSSRA report, 68% of codebases contained some form of open-source license conflict, and 33% contained open-source components with no identifiable license. This is another way in which open source can get organizations into hot water, and thus should be managed and not overlooked,” he said.
Get the ITPro. daily newsletter
Receive our latest news, industry updates, featured resources and more. Sign up today to receive our FREE report on AI cyber crime & security - newly updated for 2023.
Rene Millman is a freelance writer and broadcaster who covers cybersecurity, AI, IoT, and the cloud. He also works as a contributing analyst at GigaOm and has previously worked as an analyst for Gartner covering the infrastructure market. He has made numerous television appearances to give his views and expertise on technology trends and companies that affect and shape our lives. You can follow Rene Millman on Twitter.