Why 4.5G and beyond are the key to the success of the IoT

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The technology industry must stop looking at broadband and focus instead on narrow-band connectivity in order to fully realise the potential of the IoT, it has been claimed.

Speaking at the thirteenth annual Huawei Analyst Conference in Shenzhen, William Wang, president of the company's wireless network product line, said: "NB-IoT (Narrow-Band IoT) is a core technology to support the future IoT (Internet of Things) network."

Wang said that while the global human population is "only several billion", with the IoT and machine-to-machine communication, the number of connections being made across the world will be significantly greater.

"Currently, we keep talking about broadband. In future, if we want to support such a massive number of connections between things, we need to utilise narrow-band technology," Wang said.

Initially at least, this will be facilitated by 4.5G, Huawei's name for what is more widely known as LTE-Advanced, a cellular network technology that supports up to 1Gbps data transfer speeds that the company has been heavily involved in developing.

These potential speeds will enable continuous communication from devices like smart meters, which constantly relay information to remote servers and other machine-to-machine communication, in which hundreds of messages can be transferred in seconds.

It could even, Wang suggested, improve road safety in connected vehicles.

While there are only currently two mobile devices capable of using 4.5G the LG G5 and Samsung Galaxy S7, which can both achieve data exchange rates of 600Mbps this will not hold back the development and roll-out of the technology.

"No smartphone in your hand can support 1Gbps [but], according to my predictions, a 1Gbps smartphone will launch next year," said Wang

"In the second half of this year, there will be 4.5G networks based on NB-IoT. There will be more and more telco operators [demonstrating] their IoT applications based on NB-IoT [as well]," he added.

Jane McCallion
Deputy Editor

Jane McCallion is ITPro's Managing Editor, specializing in data centers and enterprise IT infrastructure. Before becoming Managing Editor, she held the role of Deputy Editor and, prior to that, Features Editor, managing a pool of freelance and internal writers, while continuing to specialize in enterprise IT infrastructure, and business strategy.

Prior to joining ITPro, Jane was a freelance business journalist writing as both Jane McCallion and Jane Bordenave for titles such as European CEO, World Finance, and Business Excellence Magazine.