A university in the US was hit by a 54-hour, non-stop DDoS attack at the end of last month, apparently caused by a Mirai-powered botnet.
News of the attack comes from data and application security firm Imperva, which counts the targeted college as a customer. According to a blog post by Dima Bekerman, a security researcher at Imperva, the attack started in the early hours of the morning on 28 February, with the average traffic flow clocking in at over 30,000 requests per second (RPS), although a peak of about 37,000 RPS was seen. Over the course of the attack, more than 2.8 billion requests were generated.
"Based on a number of signature factors, including header order, header values and traffic sources, our client classification system immediately identified that the attack emerged from a Mirai-powered botnet," said Bekerman.
"Our research showed that the pool of attacking devices included those commonly used by Mirai, including CCTV cameras, DVRs and routers. While we don't know for sure, open telnet (23) ports and TR-069 (7547) ports on these devices might indicate that they were exploited by known vulnerabilities."
Upon further investigation, Bekerman and his colleagues found 56% of the IPs used in the attack belonged to DVRs manufactured by a single vendor, which has now been contacted by Imperva.
Neither the name of the college involved, nor the DVR maker have been revealed.
Bekerman said there are several things that set this attack apart from others using Mirai.
The first is that the DDoS bots used in the attack "were hiding behind different user-agents than the five hardcoded in the default Mirai version".
"This and the size of the attack itself led us to believe that we might be dealing with a new variant, which was modified to launch more elaborate application layer attacks," said Bekerman.
The second is the sheer length of the onslaught.
"With over 90% of all application layer assaults lasting under six hours, an attack of this duration stands in a league of its own," he said.
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Jane McCallion is ITPro's deputy editor, specializing in cloud computing, cyber security, data centers and enterprise IT infrastructure. Before becoming Deputy Editor, she held the role of Features Editor, managing a pool of freelance and internal writers, while continuing to specialise in enterprise IT infrastructure, and business strategy.
Prior to joining ITPro, Jane was a freelance business journalist writing as both Jane McCallion and Jane Bordenave for titles such as European CEO, World Finance, and Business Excellence Magazine.