The plan, created by the National Security Council, is part of a longer-term strategy to secure several systems that are a part of critical national infrastructure, including water utilities and gas pipelines.
The electrical grid resilience plan will be largely voluntary to avoid resistance to regulation. It will carry incentives that will make it more appealing for electrical operators to implement protections.
Those protections include cyber security monitoring equipment and an assessment to identify sites that would present the most risk to the grid in an attack.
Incentives are reportedly still a work in progress but might include government funding for smaller utilities.
The plan will also extend Cyber Testing for Resilient Industrial Control Systems (CyTRICS), a partially classified plan that identifies vulnerabilities in the electrical grid that intruders could exploit.
There will also be an initiative to share cyber incident information with the US government, although the plan reportedly assures utilities they won’t need to share sensitive data.
The initiative will begin with a 100-day sprint followed by a process that will take years, according to the document that Bloomberg says could be released as early as this week.
In a startling move, the plan makes the Department of Energy the lead agency rather than the Department of Homeland Security's Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), Bloomberg reported. CISA, which could soon have a new director, is supposed to be the go-to agency for protecting domestic infrastructure from cyber attacks.
Last month, the General Accountability Office (GAO) warned that the Department of Energy needs to do more to secure the electrical grid from attack, arguing that it had focused too heavily on protecting generation and transmission systems.
"The U.S. grid's distribution systems — which carry electricity from transmission systems to consumers and are regulated primarily by states — are increasingly at risk from cyberattacks," it said. "Distribution systems are growing more vulnerable, in part because their industrial control systems increasingly allow remote access and connect to business networks."
The US electrical grid has been a concern for some time. In 2019, the Xenotime hacking group, which created the Triton malware, extended its focus from the oil and gas sector to the US electrical infrastructure.
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Danny Bradbury has been a print journalist specialising in technology since 1989 and a freelance writer since 1994. He has written for national publications on both sides of the Atlantic and has won awards for his investigative cybersecurity journalism work and his arts and culture writing.
Danny writes about many different technology issues for audiences ranging from consumers through to software developers and CIOs. He also ghostwrites articles for many C-suite business executives in the technology sector and has worked as a presenter for multiple webinars and podcasts.