Lenovo ThinkPads vulnerable to privilege escalation exploit, researchers warn

A front view of a Lenovo ThinkPad store in Beijing, China

Users of Lenovo's range of ThinkPad workstations have been warned to patch their systems following the discovery of flaws that allows hackers to launch privilege escalation attacks.

It's believed that two separate flaws can be chained together to target the ImControllerService component and change a user's access level to a system, according to security researchers at NCC Group.

The ImControllerService is a component present on Lenovo's ThinkPad hardware range and controls tasks such as system power management and app and driver updates.

The vulnerability can be triggered by exploiting two flaws, tracked as CVE-2021-3922 and CVE-2021-3969, affecting the way in which the ImControllerService handles the execution of highly privileged child processes, NCC Group said.

The normal running of a system will have the ImControllerService periodically start child processes that open named pipe servers. These named pipe servers connect to the parent process in order to retrieve and execute the necessary XML serialised commands.

One of these commands is to load a plugin from an arbitrary location on the system. The child process is required to validate the digital signature of the plugin dynamic-link library (DLL) before loading and executing the file.

However, hackers are able to hijack this process in order to change privileges and load any payload of their choosing onto the machine.


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The first vulnerability lies in the fact that the child process fails to check whether the source of the initial connection is legitimate. This creates a race condition that effectively sees the hacker try and make a connection with the named pipe ahead of the parent process.

"An attacker using high-performance filesystem synchronisation routines can reliably win the race with the parent process to connect to the named pipe," said NCC Group. During testing NCC Group’s proof of concept code never failed to connect to the named pipe before the parent service could do so.

"Because the child process does not validate the source of the connection it will begin accepting commands from the attacker after the race condition has been exploited."

NCC Group's screenshot of the Lenovo ImControllerService showing a named pipe in a child process

A named pipe in a child process (Image credit: NCC Group)

The second vulnerability is a time-of-check to time-of-use flaw, which stems from how the child process validates the plugin it's being asked to load. When loading a DLL, the child process validates its authenticity by checking if it's signed by Lenovo.

However, attackers can use opportunistic locking (OpLocks) on a file to stall the validation process long enough for them to load their own DLL. Once the lock is released, the machine will load the DLL of the attacker's choosing which leads to privilege escalation.

A screenshot of the Lenovo ImControllerService with highlighted areas showing the exploit chain

The Lenovo two-vulnerability exploit chain (Image credit: NCC Group)

Lenovo has released an advisory in which it warns users to patch machines to the latest IMController version (version The component is automatically updated by the Lenovo System Interface Foundation Service, which means the update can be triggered by rebooting the machine or manually restarting the 'System Interface Foundation Service' service, it said.

It's currently unclear how many Lenovo machines were, or currently are, thought to be affected globally, but Lenovo told IT Pro: "Lenovo worked with NCC in line with industry best practices and fixed the issue in November and customers are already protected."

Connor Jones

Connor Jones has been at the forefront of global cyber security news coverage for the past few years, breaking developments on major stories such as LockBit’s ransomware attack on Royal Mail International, and many others. He has also made sporadic appearances on the ITPro Podcast discussing topics from home desk setups all the way to hacking systems using prosthetic limbs. He has a master’s degree in Magazine Journalism from the University of Sheffield, and has previously written for the likes of Red Bull Esports and UNILAD tech during his career that started in 2015.