Sabbath hackers are targeting US schools and hospitals

Visual representation of ransomware by showing encrypted files on a display
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Security researchers have warned that a group of hackers have rebranded themselves to avoid scrutiny while mounting ransomware attacks against schools, hospitals, and other critical infrastructure organizations in the US and Canada.

The gang, now known as Sabbath, first became known in October 2021 when the group publicly shamed and extorted a US school district on Reddit and from the now-suspended Twitter account @54BB47h.

According to a blog post, security researchers at Mandiant said that in this extortion attempt, hackers demanded a multi-million-dollar ransom payments after deploying ransomware. Media reports indicated that the group took the unusually aggressive step of emailing staff, parents and even students directly to further apply public pressure on the school district.

Mandiant said the hackers used public data leaks to extort the victims to pay ransom demands as well as a public shaming blog. They added that the new Sabbath public shaming web portal and blog first published in October 2021 is identical to that of Arcane from June 2021.

“This included the same text content, and minor changes to the name, color scheme, and logo. The threat actor kept consistent grammatical errors in their updated web forums,” researchers said.

There were also a few technical changes made to the affiliate model used to carry out the attacks between the rebranding from Arcane to Sabbath. Infrastructure from both ransomware affiliate services remained unchanged.


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Researchers said that the hackers have targeted critical infrastructure including education, health, and natural resources in the US and Canada since June 2021.

“The targeting of critical infrastructure by ransomware groups has become increasingly concerning as evidenced by governments moving to target ransomware actors as national security level threats with particular attention to groups that target and disrupt critical infrastructure,” Mandiant said.

While Sabbath is a lesser-known and potentially a smaller ransomware affiliate group, its smaller size and repeated rebranding have allowed it to avoid much public scrutiny. Researchers said that ransomware data theft operations affecting healthcare have increased from January 2020 to June 2021, despite some groups claiming they would avoid targeting hospitals.

Researchers observed two occasions where the ransomware operator provided its affiliates with pre-configured Cobalt Strike BEACON backdoor payloads.

“While the use of BEACON is common practice in ransomware intrusions, the use of a ransom affiliate program operator provided BEACON is unusual and offers both a challenge for attribution efforts while also offering additional avenues for detection,” they added.

Rene Millman

Rene Millman is a freelance writer and broadcaster who covers cybersecurity, AI, IoT, and the cloud. He also works as a contributing analyst at GigaOm and has previously worked as an analyst for Gartner covering the infrastructure market. He has made numerous television appearances to give his views and expertise on technology trends and companies that affect and shape our lives. You can follow Rene Millman on Twitter.