Cisco has patched a dangerous flaw that allows a hacker to access victims’ accounts from another machine in order to see all meetings, individuals invited, meeting passwords and past meeting records.
The shared memory information leakage vulnerability, found in the Cisco WebEx Meetings desktop app for Windows, allows an authenticated attacker to gain access to sensitive information either locally, or by running a malicious programme.
Assigned CVE-2020-3347, the exploitation is based on the unsafe usage of shared memory used by the video conferencing platform’s desktop client, according to Trustwave researchers, who discovered the flaw.
Once the WebEx Meetings application is installed, it adds an application to the tray that starts up automatically once the user logs on. If the user has configured the client to log on automatically too, which by default it does, several memory-mapping files open, with some unprotected from opening for reading and writing.
An attacker with permissions to view system memory could exploit this vulnerability by running an application that’s designed to read shared memory. The hacker can loop over sessions and try to open, read and save content for future examination.
Successful exploitation could give the hacker the power to retrieve sensitive information through this mechanism, including usernames, meeting information, as well as authentication tokens that can be used in future attacks.
“Due to the global pandemic of COVID-19, there’s been an explosion of video conferencing and messaging software usage to help people transition their work-life to a work from home environment,” said Trustwave security research manager Martin Rakhmanov.
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“Vulnerabilities in this type of software now present an even greater risk to its users. Cisco WebEx is one of the most popular video conferencing solutions available, so I decided to turn my research skills to see how secure the platform is.
“In an attack scenario, any malicious local user or malicious process running on a computer where WebEx Client for Windows is installed can monitor the memory-mapped file for a login token. Once found the token, like any leaked credentials, can be transmitted somewhere so that it can be used to login to the WebEx account in question, download Recordings, view/edit Meetings, etc.”
Cisco has released a software update addressing this vulnerability, urging users to update their Cisco Webex Meetings software to version 40.6.0 and higher. The “relatively severe” flaw affected versions of the platform released earlier than this, with Rakhmanov testing the exploitation on version 184.108.40.206.
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Keumars Afifi-Sabet is the Features Editor for ITPro, CloudPro and ChannelPro. He oversees the commissioning and publication of in-depth and long-form features across all three sites, including opinion articles and case studies. He also occasionally contributes his thoughts to the IT Pro Podcast, and writes content for the Business Briefing. Keumars joined IT Pro as a staff writer in April 2018. He specialises in the public sector but writes across a breadth of core topics including cyber security and cloud computing.
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