Mozilla has released patches for 11 security vulnerabilities across its latest Firefox and Thunderbird versions, five of which have been assigned a ‘high’ severity rating.
The vulnerabilities affect the latest Firefox 105 version released this week as well as Firefox Extended Support Release (ESR) 102.3, and Mozilla’s open source email client Thunderbird 91.13.1.
One of the most serious bugs affects both the latest Firefox 105 and Firefox ESR browsers, potentially allowing for code execution.
The vulnerability, tracked as CVE-2022-40962, was discovered by Mozilla’s own Fuzzing Team which found memory corruption issues that could have been exploited to run arbitrary code “with enough effort”.
It’s not clear what this effort might entail but code execution is one of the most serious vulnerabilities that can affect a system, allowing attackers to execute a range of tasks such as installing malware, exfiltrating data, and stealing credentials.
Wider improvements to memory handling were one of the standout new features that Mozilla delivered to Firefox with the release of version 105 earlier this week, in a addition to an overall increase browser speed.
The browser’s stability is said to be improved thanks to the way in which it now handles low-memory situations better. Mozilla said Firefox is also now less likely to run out of memory on Linux, performing better on systems when system-wide memory is low.
Some of the other high-severity issues fixed involved a pair of vulnerabilities affecting Firefox 105 were fixed due to both of them leading to potentially exploitable crashes.
In the case of CVE-2022-3266, an out-of-bounds read error could occur when a user tried to decode a video which was encoded with the popular H.264 file compression codec.
The other was a use-after-free issue again potentially causing an exploitable crash in situations where concurrent use of the browser’s URL parser with non-UTF-8 data was not thread-safe. Non-UTF-8 data refers to characters that cannot be encoded by the UTF-8 Unicode standard.
CVE-2022-40959 is a vulnerability in Firefox 105 that led to device permissions leaked to untrusted documents. This occurred when specific pages didn’t initialise their FeaturePolicy during iframe navigation.
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It could be exploited if a user replied to a specially crafted email containing a meta tag which had the ‘http-equiv=”refresh” attribute and the content attribute specifying an URL. In this scenario, Thunderbird would start a network request to that URL and when combined with other HTML elements and attributes, code execution could be achieved.
The US’ Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) also issued an alert pointing to the security advisories for Firefox and Thunderbird, advising users and system administrators to apply the necessary patches.
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Connor Jones has been at the forefront of global cyber security news coverage for the past few years, breaking developments on major stories such as LockBit’s ransomware attack on Royal Mail International, and many others. He has also made sporadic appearances on the ITPro Podcast discussing topics from home desk setups all the way to hacking systems using prosthetic limbs. He has a master’s degree in Magazine Journalism from the University of Sheffield, and has previously written for the likes of Red Bull Esports and UNILAD tech during his career that started in 2015.